The Land Between charity and Scales Nature Park are the backbone of this collaborative effort with our amazing partners . Vous utilisez un navigateur désuet qui n’est plus accepté par Ontario.ca. Unlike birds, turtles do not tend their nests once laid, nor care for their young once they hatch. The teacher should assign a specific turtle species to each “expert group” and distribute the corresponding fact sheet to each group. As is the case for many species at risk, habitat destruction has played a major role in the decline of turtles. Turtles eat a combination of vegetables, turtle food and, depending on the species, insects. Only one species can be found from coast to coast, the Painted Turtle. Learn more about the 8 species of turtle that live in Ontario by exploring the species linked below – designations shown are federal listings for each species. They’re also likely to be seen on the move; Blanding’s make the largest overland movement of any Ontario turtle to move from their summer nesting spots to overwintering habitat. It was designated a species of special concern by COSEWIC in 2002. In my job, I’m lucky to get up close and personal with Ontario’s smiling turtle, nicknamed for the shape of its face, which gives it a joyful expression. As many males as females are found crossing roads, but their movement patterns tend to be spread out over the whole warm season. (Carstairs, Dupuis-Desourmeaux and Davy, 2018). This designation is decided upon by a committee acting on behalf of the province (Committee on Status of Species at Risk in Ontario, or ‘’COSSARO’) and also a separate committee acting on behalf of the whole country (Committee on Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada or ‘COSEWIC’). The northern map turtle is one of the most populous species in southern Ontario, and can be identified by the maplike patterns on its shell, and bright yellow lines on its heads and legs. What You Can Do. A long hot summer means that more of the young turtles will develop as females. Endangered – species that face imminent extirpation or extinction (extirpation means that the species no longer exists in Canada but does exist elsewhere). 7 of these turtle species are considered species at risk. They can be found in a variety of habitats such as lakes, ponds, rivers, marshes, and bogs. They’re considered extremely intelligent and have been documented using creative methods to get their food, including stamping their feet to cause earthworms to come to the surface. Turtles need a minimum 30-gallon size aquarium with a screened top. The northern map turtle is not designated at risk provincially in Ontario. The Midland painted turtle is found in southern and eastern Ontario. Most species are restricted to southern Ontario (where all species can be observed) and Québec, while two others can also be found in the Maritimes or in southern Manitoba and Saskatchewan. The red-eared slider is the most common non-native species of turtle in Ontario, and they are being increasingly found in wetlands and waterways, says the Ontario Turtle Conservation Centre (OTCC). The wood turtle thrives in Ontario, Quebec, and Brunswick. But it can take decades of nesting for just one egg to survive to replace the turtle that laid it. The wood turtle can be found in or along clear, slow-flowing rivers, streams and creeks, scattered throughout Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Southern Quebec and Ontario. With a highly sculpted upper shell, Ontario Nature calls this species “one of Ontario’s most attractive turtles.”. Why save a turtle? Our hospital helps to reverse some of the effects of road mortality, by returning turtles to the wild that would have been lost on the roads. Less than 1 in a hundred turtle eggs laid will hatch and grow into an adult turtle. Its carapace (top shell), and skin are a olive/black colour. Photo by: Miles Away Photography Species: Painted turtle Scientific name: Chrysemys picta Status: common Description: In Ontario there are two subspecies of painted turtles. The Spotted Turtle occurs only in eastern North America. For more information on Ontario’s turtles, visit the Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry‘s site, or Ontario Nature. However, it’s most clearly identifiable from the yellow spots marking its shell. Ontario boasts eight turtle species, which is more than any other province in Canada. “[Spring is] an important time to watch for turtles,” says Urquhart. You’re most likely to spot turtles in marshy areas where there is native aquatic plant life. Fun fact: With the ability to get nearly half the oxygen they require by breathing through their skin in the water, they’re able to stay submerged for up to five hours. Learn about the nine freshwater turtles in Canada, as well as the leatherback seaturtle. The Atlas is also available in app format, which makes identifying turtles a breeze. The spotted turtle features orange-yellow markings on its limbs, neck, and legs. All eight of of the species of turtle in Ontario have been designated as “species at risk”. Seven of the eight species of turtle in Ontario have been designated as “species at risk”. – species likely to become endangered if nothing is done to reverse the factors leading to extirpation or extinction. Over the past 30 to 40 years, 104 populations have been noted in Ontario. There are 8 species of turtles in Ontario, and most of these can be found on Lake Huron. Blanding’s turtle is a threatened species in Ontario. see figure below,  which shows the admission numbers to OTCC, of Blanding’s (top), snapping turtles (middle) and painted turtles (bottom). Once much more common, the province’s smallest turtle, which carries a shell that’s less than 13 centimetres long, is … Females are much larger than males, and can grow up to 27 centimeters long, whereas males reach a maximum of 13 centimeters. These are the only non-threatened turtle species in Ontario, but they are still susceptible to the threats that face other turtles. While these populations are concentrated around Georgian Ba… The snapping turtle lays around 50. All freshwater turtles in Canada are species at risk under federal law. Incubation times vary depending on the weather conditions over the summer, but the eggs generally hatch in late summer or early fall. But during nesting season, which runs from late May to early July, you’ll also spot them crossing roads and in sandy or gravel areas. Note: the Eastern Box Turtle is considered extirpated in Canada. The species has also been observed in Québec, but no population is known to be established in that province. Like their name implies, these turtles are likely to be found in woodlands or floodplains during the summer months. Generally nocturnal creatures, Eastern musk turtles also rarely swim. Read What Do I Feed My New Turtle or Tortoise? Most species live at least 30-40 years and some species can live to over 100 years! Cottagelife.com is part of the Blue Ant Media Canada network © 2020 Blue Ant Media. Usually the males are the first out and about – on their way to find mates, to find their ‘hangout’ spots for the spring and their favorite wetlands. By snapping a shot, you add to the map’s accuracy and ultimately to conservation efforts. The turtle can live in the wild for more than 75 years. As is the case for many species at risk, habitat destruction has played a major role in the decline of turtles. Most likely to be confused with musk turtles, snapping turtles are significantly larger and grow up to 47 cm long. With an upper shell that is brown with black flecking and a yellowish lower shell, these guys are easily confused with painted turtles, snapping turtles, and Blanding’s turtles. Southern Ontario is THE place for turtles in Canada, with the greatest diversity of Canadian turtles living here. The gender of many turtles, including all of the species found in the Kawarthas, is determined by incubation temperatures. It apparently existed here until the 1500s but it is thought that sightings in the 20, – or ‘cold-blooded’, which means that they cannot generate their own body heat, and rely on the environmental temperature for this; they warm themselves by basking in the sun. All ectotherms have a unique “preferred optimal temperature zone” that is essential for all their physiological mechanisms (moving, eating, mating- even their immune system depends on this temperature range!). Wildlife in Canada is designated as Endangered, Threatened, Species of Special Concern, or Not at Risk. The babies that do hatch are vulnerable to predators on land and in the water and few ever reach maturity (8-25 years of age depending on the species). In the meantime, here’s a list of common differences among Ontario’s to help you get started: Fun fact: These turtles can live to be 75. Map turtles, for example, prefer larger rivers or lakes and may be spotted along the Trent-Severn Waterway. But that’s in danger of changing—of the eight species, seven are at risk. Named for its markings, this turtle has contour lines on its upper shell that look like a topographical map. Yet every year, more plants and animals are added to Ontario’s list of species at risk, which now numbers more than 200. There are still gaps in the knowledge of this species, thus more research is necessary to continue the conservation and recovery of the Blanding’s Turtle. In addition, our hatchling program augments this by returning babies hatched from the hospital patients, back to their mother’s wetland. Species of Special Concern-species that may become threatened or endangered because of a combination of biological characteristics or identifiable threats. Protect Canada’s waterways and habitats that the Blanding’s Turtle calls home. Since a species can have a population that is healthy in one province but not another, the status can be different provincially vs federally. Other species, such as Painted turtles, can be found in a wider variety of habitats. -species that may become threatened or endangered because of a combination of biological characteristics or identifiable threats. It also lives in bogs, marshes, meadows, coniferous forests, mixed forests and agricultural lands. Turtle nests are laid in soil that is easy to dig and provides the correct amount of moisture so the eggs do not get too dry or too moist during incubation. Don’t confuse them with snapping turtles though; snapping turtles are larger and lack the distinctive shell markings of the map turtle. It’s also called “stinkpot.”, 3. Almost finished... We need to confirm your email address. This is due to habitat loss, road mortality and even poaching for the pet trade. Turtles are very slow to mature, so often it can be 15-20 years before they even reach maturity! Some species are very particular about where they live. Our education program addresses all threats, and teaches the public how to become stewards to help in the conservation of these vital members of our wetlands. It can cause mass die-offs of mollusks, one of their primary food sources. Turtles are on the move as soon as the weather starts to warm up in the spring. With a highly sculpted upper shell, Ontario Nature calls this species “one of Ontario’s most attractive turtles.” The neck, chin and and front legs are a vivid orange-yellow colour. It apparently existed here until the 1500s but it is thought that sightings in the 20th century likely come from released pets. Vous utilisez un navigateur désuet qui n’est plus accepté par Ontario.ca. Snapping turtles are the largest species of turtle in Ontario, take nearly 20 years to reach maturity, and can live to be more than 70 years old. Nests are easily found and destroyed by predators such as raccoons, skunks, foxes, and coyotes looking for an early summer meal. The Turtle Guardian Program delivery area is in The Land Between– a region where 1/3 of Ontario’s turtles live. We included only squares with the most recent record occurring within the last 20 years (1995 or more recently). In China, turtles large and small are used for both food and medicine.By the early 1990s, many local populations of turtles had disappeared within the country, so turtles began to be imported from around the world. Once the female has finished laying her eggs she never sees them again. Threatened– species likely to become endangered if nothing is done to reverse the factors leading to extirpation or extinction. 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