Leaders from different regions of the country had different opinions on how to run the government. In the 19th century, people noticed that there was a difference between the north and south sides of Route 40. The movement combined elements of those regions: intellectual freedom from New Netherland, utopianism from Yankeedom and tolerance from the Midlands. He kicked out the Puritans who went to Maryland, invited Cavaliers like George Washington’s family to Virginia, and established an aristocratic society where only wealthy people could participate in politics or serve on juries. Like this summary? The region began to contemplate expanding to Mexico or Nicaragua, fearing that Spain would free Cuban slaves and become a refuge for runaway slaves. Have too much to read? Meanwhile, California became somewhat like northern regions of the United States because Yankees largely settled there while parts of Oregon and Washington also had Appalachian characteristics. The people in Greater Appalachia turned to new religions that focused on an individual’s salvation and rewards after death. These people are beginning to take control over their region’s political and cultural life, and they’re expected to make up a quarter of America’s population by 2025. King Philip II used the wealth from his New World colonies to wage war against Protestant nations in Europe. By George W. Bush’s presidency, there were almost no Republicans left from that alliance; most had dropped out of the party or been forced out by Southern conservatives who took over after the civil rights movement. The colony was a commercial success, but its government had problems. There were fears among slave owners about potential revolts from some African tribes such as when Stono Rebellion occurred in 1739 where 750 armed Africans marched through Charleston County attacking plantations killing 60 whites before being stopped by local militia forces. After two other uprisings, England invited Prince William and his wife Mary of the Netherlands to take over in 1688. New Netherland. Borrowing fruitful notions from Joel Garreau’s Nine Nations of North America (1981) and David Hackett Fischer’s Albion’s Seed: Four British Folkways in North America (1989), Woodard traces the differences in America’s regions to cultural, ethnic, religious and political differences among various strains of settlers, many of them long in play back in the British Isles. The planters fashioned a new constitution based on old one. Woodard says that it’s unlikely the political boundaries of North America will remain the same into the future because there are so many forces at play. The culture wars of the 1990s and 2000s were a continuation of social upheavals in the 1960s. They considered leaving the US or declaring peace with Great Britain. However, there weren’t as many of them because Hoosiers dominated the area too much for them to stay. In 1755, Lenni Lenape Indians attacked German and Scots-Irish settlements in western Pennsylvania after the Borderlanders took over their land. World War II put the Dixie bloc in a bind, as they opposed Hitler and refused to admit that their own racial policies were the model for the Nazis. They also wanted to spread their ideas about salvation into Western lands as a reaction against Catholic immigration into the US. However, many of the other officers came from New England. There were also four groups: one led by Washington and Patrick Henry, who convinced their fellow Tidewater members to go along with them; another led by Massachusetts Bay Colony and Connecticut; a third group comprised mostly Midlanders who took whatever position their delegation supported (even if it was against what they wanted); and lastly, an Appalachian group whose delegates opposed any type of rebellion or disagreement with other colonies. After the war ended, people in New England were angry about this. They established schools for African Americans, as well as colleges. Education in Greater Appalachia. Get started. For a half-century before that, they had celebrated the signing of the Declaration of Independence but extracted entirely different lessons than their counterparts in the Yankee North. The Dixie bloc has been less stable than it appears. The Cherokee sided with the British during the Revolutionary War and later fought against anyone who tried to take away more land from them. Woodard argues that if the Confederates hadn’t attacked Fort Sumter, there might not have been a war because most other regions were ambivalent about secession. Georgia was even more loathe to support independence because they didn’t want anything to do with it despite being occupied by the British for most of 1778. Private Protestants tried to save themselves from sin while public ones tried to change society with the aid of federal programs. The two men were both Catholics and they wanted to create a safe haven for their religion. Read a quick 1-Page Summary, a Full Summary, or watch video summaries curated by our expert team. Readers of American Nations often ask if something changed with regard to the regional cultures to allow the 2016 Republican nominee, Donald Trump, to capture the Electoral College votes of … An analysis of voting records from the early 19th century revealed a pattern. In response to lawlessness, leading families formed groups called Regulators to control crime; this group later took over part of North Carolina during colonial times as well. They felt that they were justified in rebelling against a plan that would benefit Pennsylvania banker Robert Morris and other wealthy elites. They claimed that it was a superior form of labor, and they said that slaves were happy with their situation. The civil rights movement led to the breakup of the Dixie bloc in the Republican Party. Your email address will not be published. The Piedmont, including Washington and Jefferson, saw expansion as a way to expand their influence across the Appalachian Mountains. This is why the Dutch West India Company ran it with few resources from the government. They became interested in other religions that allowed them a more direct relationship with God. However, settlers came through a connection with corporations from older regions like the Midwest or East Coast that needed resources from this land such as hard rock mines, barbed wire, hydroelectric dams, railroads, and telegraphs. The American Revolution succeeded in large part because the Tidewater elites, who were well-educated and wealthy, saw the British as an affront to their liberty. Borderlanders fought to continue Scots-Irish tradition while Tidewater fought against tyranny on American soil (the Deep South). [7], A reviewer for the Portland, Maine Press Herald calls Woodard's arguments compelling and the book well-written and superb. Quakers were having trouble agreeing on religious matters, and the Dutch, Swedes and Finns in the area founded Delaware in 1704. All of them tried to better society through government efforts while expanding civil rights legislation. The standing army enforced laws that prohibited colonists from taking Indian land west of the Appalachians or trading with French or Dutch people. The Germans didn’t want to live among Yankees either because they feared that those people would shut down their beer halls on Sundays and stamp out everything German about them. Appalachia did not have cities nor jobs for immigrants while El Norte was far too remote for most immigrants. He supported taking over land from Native Americans without regard for whether it violated Supreme Court rulings against doing so. Even though the settlers in what would become Ontario were not British, they believed that Great Britain was a peaceful country. Those who did not follow them were punished because they believed that they had been chosen by God and must do what he wanted them to do. Cities like New York attracted a quarter of all Italian immigrants by 1850s and became 25% Jewish by 1910s-1920s.. The reason why they moved there was their origin—they came from New England. Slaves were marched from coastal areas inland on what has been called “The Second Middle. The Yankees had a hard time understanding Appalachian culture, and the Appalachians resented Yankee influence on their culture. However, representatives from Yankeedom (New England), Tidewater (Virginia and Maryland), and Deep South (Georgia) interfered in their affairs with support from Appalachia. They are now dealing with two side effects: they have some of the characteristics of statehood and there is a widespread call for democracy. He believes that China is gaining power and influence, while the US is losing ground in terms of its economy and politics. New England was very different from the Tidewater. Shortform: The World's Best Book Summaries, Shortform Blog: Free Guides and Excerpts of Books, Part 1, Chapter 5: “Founding New Netherland”, Part 1, Chapter 6: “The Colonies’ First Revolt”, Part 1, Chapter 7: “Founding the Deep South”, Part 1, Chapter 8: “Founding the Midlands”, Part 1, Chapter 9: “Founding Greater Appalachia”, Part 2, Chapter 11: “Six Wars of Liberation”, Part 2, Chapter 12: “Independence or Revolution?”, Part 2, Chapter 13: “Nations in the North”, Part 2, Chapter 14: “First Secessionists”, Part 3, Chapter 15: “Yankeedom Spreads West”, Part 3, Chapter 16: “The Midlands Spread West”, Part 3, Chapter 17: “Appalachia Spreads West”, Part 3, Chapter 18: “The Deep South Spreads West”, Part 3, Chapter 19: “Conquering El Norte”, Part 3, Chapter 20: “Founding the Left Coast”, Part 4, Chapter 22: “Founding the Far West”, Part 4, Chapter 23: “Immigration and Identity”, Part 4, Chapter 26: “War, Empire, and the Military”, Part 4, Chapter 27: “The Struggle for Power I: The Blue Nations”, Part 4, Chapter 28: “The Struggle for Power II: The Red and the Purple”, American Nations Book Summary, by Colin Woodard. The US captured Alta California, New Mexico, much of El Norte (the north), and even some Mexican cities during this time period (1846–48). In American Nations he takes readers on a journey through the history of our fractured continent, offering a revolutionary and revelatory take on American identity, and how the conflicts between them have shaped our past and continue to mold … The Constitution was a conservative document that kept power in the hands of only a few. However, King Louis XIV wanted to remake New France as a feudal colony and sent colonists who spoke different dialects of French to create an aristocratic society based on serfdom. Read the world’s #1 book summary of American Nations by Colin Woodard here. In 1812, they declared war on Great Britain, which pushed them closer to separation from the United States. This is because most of the early settlers were from New York and Pennsylvania. In 2000, the Dixie bloc gained control of the White House (under George W. Bush), the Senate, and the House of Representatives. Woodard is not the first person to have developed this idea. In his book “American Nations,” Colin Woodard divides the continent into 11 distinct territories. American Nations. While political scientists argue whether what makes us American is our commitment to Anglo-Protestantism or multiculturalism, Woodard believes that these ideas aren’t characteristic of all regions. For example, dams were built to provide irrigation for farms in Montana. The Tidewater region of Virginia had a large number of officers and soldiers in the Continental Army. People from the mid-west settled in Ohio. American Nations: A History of the Eleven Rival Regional Cultures of North America is an American non-fiction book written by Colin Woodard and published in 2011. New Netherlanders were afraid to lose their power if they rebelled against Britain, so they remained loyal to England until 1776 when an English armada arrived in New Amsterdam and established control over the city. The colony was founded on a sluggish river surrounded by malarial swamps, and many of its settlers died because they didn’t know how to farm. Amazon.com: Study Guide: American Nations by Colin Woodard (SuperSummary) (9781690733799): SuperSummary: Books The denominations focused on people being “Private Protestants” rather than “Public Protestants.” They focused on saving individual souls and on obedience and order. During the colonial period and early America, the Tidewater region had more power than other regions of the South. This region had farmers in the north and wealthy southerners in the south. Stable families settled Yankeedom, which values education and wants to improve society—a secular Puritanism. New Englanders moved west because their soil was thin and rocky. Germans settled in the Midwest, Scandinavians were frugal and anti-slavery, so they settled in New England; Catholics often clashed with Yankees because of their different religious beliefs. They also formed governments to run civic affairs. Enjoy this free preview Unlock all 61 pages of this Study Guide by subscribing today. He says that Americans should rediscover their shared values. At one point, it looked like they wouldn’t be able to agree on anything at all, but eventually came up with compromises so everyone was happy enough to sign off on the document. The people in Appalachia were angry about it and decided to make their own currency, which was illegal at the time. Meanwhile, the Midlands were pacifist, while Tidewater and New Netherland were on the fence about what would happen with this issue. New England supported Puritans and lawyers in London while the Tidewater backed Cavaliers who were aristocrats from the north-west. The United States was in a vulnerable position after it gained independence. Yankeedom argued against annexation because they didn’t want any more land taken over by slaves; however, Appalachia was in favor because they wanted all parts of former Mexican territory annexed into their part of America. Their settlements were located between Yankeedom’s communitarian intolerance and Appalachia’s hedonism. Midlanders settled in the Midwest with their mix of Anglo-German culture. Because there wasn’t much space left on Barbados, they started looking elsewhere including North America where their descendants continue today. In order for Dixie to survive, it needs to win over this group by abandoning its commitment to white supremacy. While the region still has sway over publishing brands such as Conde Nast Publications or Harper Collins Publishing, it also controls fashion via Vogue Magazine, financial industries with Bloomberg L.P., media with NBCUniversal Media etc. The civil rights movement was resisted by the old Tidewater idea of “libertas.” This is when people are allowed to do whatever they want, even if it hurts other people. In Appalachia, poor whites were even poorer after losing so many men during battle and found themselves competing with freed blacks for jobs. Democratic landslides are prevalent in Yankeeland (New England), The Left Coast (Pacific Northwest), and El Norte (California), while Republican landslides dominate Greater Appalachia (Appalachia and surrounding regions), Tidewater (Virginia/North Carolina border area), Deep South(South Carolina through Texas) & Far West(Far Western states). Historian David Hackett Fischer also wrote about four of these regions in Albion’s Seed. They hated how Northerners tried to impose their will on everyone, but they also hated the aristocratic ideals of Southerners. New Netherlanders were eager to prepare for war, perhaps because so many of them came from countries endangered by the Nazis, and the Left Coast, Far West, and El Norte followed, in part because there were so many military bases and plants in the region. They were responsible for some of the most conservative elements of American government such as the Electoral College and state-appointed senators. New York City eventually became the most populated Jewish city in the world, as well as having African and Indian populations. The areas that were Republican in the past tended to be anti-slavery, while those that became Democratic later on supported civil rights. Colin Woodard. This is not the first time we’ve faced such a crisis. They came to America not only to build their own society but also as a model for others. 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